Gadia Lohar a Life and Livelihood in Question
See Gadia Lohar a Life and Livelihood in Question: Architecture is the reflection of Man and Man is the reflection of Nature. The early man was a nomad. Through time, his social life style gradually changed from nomadic to semi nomadic and finally ended in permanent settlements. May be that the way nature wanted it to be.Gadia Lohar a Life and Livelihood in Question.
Gadia Lohars, the nomadic blacksmiths on carts, practise an architecture in Erragadda, Uppal, L.B.Nagar and other areas in Hyderabad. Where these people are come from?, a human interesting story files by Nayanika from Hyderabad
A community of nomadic black smiths, the Gadia Lohars have broken this rule of nature. Changing from a sedentary life to a nomadic life overnight, in honour of their mother land, they take with them their valuables, all packed and stored neatly in a bullock cart. With walls made of air, a golden desert as floor and vast open sky for their roof, the nomads practice a interesting form, of what can be termed as nomadic architecture.
It is an architecture, that is not just reflected in their bullock carts, but in their pattern of movement through seasonal camps and their behaviour restricted by traditional rules. Their home, habitat, art ad architecture cohabits, as a direct result of their native taboos.
Home in a cart
The gaduliya, a perfect home for the nomadic family, accommodates all their household belongings in a traditionally systematic arrangement. Its main structure is used to store household articles and black smithy tools, while the bottom holds sacks of food grains and utensils. It also acts as a store for spices, ghee, needless, thread, mirror and cosmetics, Dresss are placed between the thailia and grain sacks.
Valuables like cash and gold can be stored behind the lockable door of the thalia.
The peedha is a smaller rectagular cot-like structure, placed over the left and right pankhalas. Over this, some earthen pots of oil, pickles and cooked vegetables are placed.
A large, hanging basket below the gaduliya stores charcoal. Also used as a scrap place, where a cloth sling, tied to a crankshaft below the thalia, is used for the family’s baby. A small, low cot is also provided the bullock cart.
Myths of origin
The community origin is enshrouded in the mists of interesting myths, interlaced with supernaturalism. They have no written records and proudly believe in their upper cast Rajput ancestry. They strongly believe that their ancestors adopted the profession of wandering blacksmith, only after escaping from Chittorgarh fort, during the attack of Emperor Akbar’s army.
Some believe that their origin is due to the blessings of Goddess Parvati to Sunji, the wife of a blacksmith, while some believe it is due to Lord Shiva’s generosity, that the homeless and hungry nomads have been provided with the tongs, anvil and hammers. But, most believe that their origins result from the curse of Aie Laha, a folk goddess adopted by the community.
May you always wander in hunger
May you never eat, to your heart’s content
May you never sleep, on a comfortable bed
May you die of hunger, till my curse is effective
This curse of Aie Lacha led to the traditions, life style and architecture of this community of blacksmiths, popularly known as ‘Gadia Lohars’.